What is Oral Surgery?

Oral surgery is one of the branches of dentistry that deals with correcting problems in the dental system or the mouth. Oral surgeons perform a variety of medical procedures including dental implants, facial reconstruction and misalignment. They go through special education to become fully-fledged oral surgeons. There is a wide variety of issues involved in oral surgery.

Oral Surgeons

These dentists receive special training on how to perform surgery of the mouth and jaw. Oral surgeons go through a comprehensive four-year academic program in oral surgery. These surgeons focus on jaw reconstruction and other procedures that are not performed in many dental offices such as jaw and face implants, reconstruction and wisdom tooth extraction.


The most common procedures that oral surgeons perform are dental procedures. The procedures primarily deal with the teeth, gums and jaws to correct gross misalignments, improve dental implants and correct extreme tooth decay. Dental implants are meant to replace missing teeth because of an accident, injury, decay or infection that cannot be corrected using common procedures.

Many people in the U.S loose at least one permanent tooth for various reasons including injury, gum disease or tooth decay. Many oral surgeons today are using dental implants to replace lost or injured tooth because they are better in the long run than other corrective measures. Dental implants tend to last longer and present fewer problems in the future.


Oral surgeons and maxillofacial specialists also perform other surgical procedures such as jaw realignment and reconstruction of the face. These procedures are mostly done on accident victims, although they are also performed on individuals with genetic or other abnormal conditions.

Vehicle accidents, domestic violence, sports injuries and other forms of mishaps may call for oral surgery. Oral procedures normally take time and may require hospitalization. In some cases, several surgical procedures may need to be undertaken to correct a problem.


Oral surgeons also undertake certain cosmetic procedures to correct facial defects that cannot be rectified using other medical procedures. Cosmetic procedures include veneers, wiring, jaw realignment and others. These procedures are typically performed to improve looks rather than functionality. Oral surgeons can also whiten, straighten or resize teeth to make them uniform.


Like any other medical procedure, oral surgeries carry some risks. However, trained oral surgeons and their staff do everything possible to ensure the risks are kept at their minimal by preparing adequately and following certain guidelines during the medical procedures.

Some of the risks associated with oral surgery include anaesthesia risks, excessive bleeding and other complications. Oral surgeons should go over the risks with their patients before performing the procedures to help them decide the best course of action.

Recovery from oral procedures may take a significant amount of time. Improvements may be noticed during the first week or so, although bone recovery may last for as long as six months. Certain actions assist in ensuring a quick recovery while others should be avoided. Oral surgeons provide advice to patients on the do’s and don’ts in the path to a quick recovery.