Having your wisdom teeth removed can benefit you in a number of ways, especially if you are in pain. Check out these reasons to have your wisdom teeth removed:
Why Wisdom Teeth Cause Pain
The wisdom teeth erupting through sensitive gum tissue causes intense pain for teenagers and young adults. Patients who have small mouths must have third molars removed to avoid damaging other teeth, gum tissue and facial bone. As wisdom teeth begin to erupt, the other teeth shift to create space causing a change in an individual’s bite. The larger third molars push against nerves causing intense pain, headaches, chewing difficulties, teeth grinding and excess saliva. Having wisdom teeth removed is a normal process that requires a short-term recovery with lifelong benefits.
An Evaluation by a Dentist
A professional dentist will evaluate a patient’s condition with medical imaging techniques to determine an appropriate course of treatment. Impacted molars might grow at various angles including horizontal, distoangular, vertical or mesioangular. Third molars may be inside the upper or lower jaw. The wisdom teeth can be inside the bone or gum tissue. Occasionally, patients also develop small tumors or cysts near the impacted tooth. This complication requires a more complicated surgical extraction procedure. Sometimes a wisdom tooth will grow partially through the gumline creating difficulties with keeping it clean and free of bacteria.
Removal of Wisdom Teeth
Individuals may have one or more third molars that require removal to reduce discomfort while preventing damage to other teeth. A dentist usually recommends that a patient have the wisdom teeth removed as soon as possible to avoid pain or infection. Third molar removal is normally an inpatient procedure with local or gas anesthetic for pain. The dental assistants will prepare the patient for the procedure by inserting devices in the mouth to collect saliva and debris. The dentist will use medical imaging to quickly locate and remove a tooth. Most wisdom teeth are removed in one office visit that lasts a short amount of time. After the procedure to remove third molars, a patient will be tired and uncoordinated due to anesthetic.
Short Recovery Time from Extraction
Bed rest at home is vital for several days as the facial area swells. The dental team will supply a patient with ice packs in an elastic strap to wear around the swollen jaw. For approximately three days, the sockets that held the third molars will ooze blood. The tender gum tissue must develop clots and scabs near the removal site to assist in proper healing. The dentist will provide numerous gauze pads for a patient to bite on to absorb the excess blood. Patients are not supposed to rinse out the mouth for several days to prevent dislodging the blood clots. During this time, there may be an offensive odor and taste from the mouth due to oozing blood.
Patients may experience a dry socket because a blood clot does not form or falls out. This creates inflammation in the bone of the jaw causing a serious complication. Alveolar osteitis typically occurs because a patient fails to follow recovery protocols. Patients must carefully sip liquids for hydration while avoiding nose blowing, smoking or spitting. A dry socket is prone to collecting food, debris and bacteria. A dentist must clean the area to prevent an infection. Throughout the recovery process a patient can ingest over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers. Within a few weeks of wisdom teeth removal, patients have complete recovery.